Sales plunged and losses soared at JCPenney in the three months before its bankruptcy filing, as stores remained closed during the Covid-19 pandemic.
The department store chain filed for bankruptcy protection on May 15. In a filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Wednesday night, JCPenney gave preliminary financial results for its fiscal first quarter that ended May 2.
The operating losses more than tripled to $339 million from $93 million a year earlier.
JCPenney was regularly losing money before the Covid-19 pandemic. The company's most recent profitable year was 2010, and its net losses have totaled $4.5 billion since then.
Since the summer of 2011, it has reported a net profit in only five quarters, all of them in the holiday shopping season. The company has been unable to make money without that boost in sales.
It reported a narrow profit in the fiscal fourth quarter that ended in February before the Covid-19 outbreak hit the United States, but earnings were down 64% from a year earlier.
The company has reported plans to close about 154 stores permanently this summer and about another 100 stores by the end of next year. Those 250 stores would represent about 30% of the stores it had before the crisis.