CDC optimistic coronavirus vaccines will be released by end of the year

Experts say Covid-19 cases will likely increase in the winter months. CNN Medical Analyst Dr. Leana Wen explains why and how you can prepare and stay safe.

Posted: Oct 15, 2020 9:31 AM
Updated: Oct 15, 2020 9:31 AM

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention posted an optimistic forecast about coronavirus vaccines Wednesday, promising some vaccines by the end of the year.

There could be a limited supply at first but that would increase in the weeks and months after initial release, the CDC says on a new page posted to its coronavirus website.

"The goal is for everyone to be able to easily get a COVID-19 vaccine as soon as large quantities are available," the CDC says. "The plan is to have several thousand vaccination providers available so no one will have to travel far to be vaccinated, whether it's at your doctor's office, retail pharmacy, hospital, or federally qualified health center."

The CDC plays no role in vaccine development but will help distribute vaccines. The National Institutes of Health is helping develop and test vaccines while the US Food and Drug Administration will give any emergency use authorization or approval.

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Dr. Anthony Fauci, the director of the NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told CBS News a vaccine might be widely available by April.

Fauci said researchers should know by "November or December" whether some vaccines trials have a safe candidate and that even if and when a safe candidate is determined, initial quantities will likely only be a few million doses.

"If there is limited supply, some groups may be recommended to get a COVID-19 vaccine first," the CDC page notes.

The CDC said that the federal government has committed to distributing coronavirus vaccines for free, though providers may be able to charge an administrative fee that should be covered by insurance.

Household get-togethers are helping to drive rise in cases, CDC chief says

Small gatherings are becoming a growing source of Covid-19 spread, a leading health expert said, as cases and hospitalizations are on the rise nationwide.

"In the public square, we're seeing a higher degree of vigilance and mitigation steps in many jurisdictions," said CDC Director Dr. Robert Redfield during a call with the nation's governors on Tuesday. Audio of the call was obtained by CNN.

"But what we're seeing as the increasing threat right now is actually acquisition of infection through small household gatherings," Redfield said. "Particularly with Thanksgiving coming up, we think it's really important to stress the vigilance of these continued mitigation steps in the household setting."

Dr. Jonathan Reiner, professor of medicine at George Washington University, said Wednesday he'd advise people to consider not having indoor Thanksgiving dinners with others who aren't in their immediate household.

"If you're lucky enough to live in a part of the country where the weather will be moderate in November, do an outdoor Thanksgiving. (But) I think in the ... places in the country where the winter comes early, I think you have to really be careful," Reiner told CNN's "New Day."

"The consequences of this virus, particularly for older folks -- the people that we really want to gather with on Thanksgiving -- can be really dire," he said. And, frankly, I'd rather do a Zoom Thanksgiving with people that I love than expose them to something that might kill them," he said.

"Next year is going to be much better. Let's get through this, and let's get through it safely."

Studies add to evidence that blood type might be linked with Covid-19 risk

Two new studies are adding to evidence that suggests your blood type could be linked with your Covid-19 risk, but more research is needed.

Published in the journal Blood Advances on Wednesday, the studies suggest that people with blood type O may be less vulnerable to Covid-19 infection and have a reduced likelihood of getting severely ill.

A Danish study found that among 7,422 people who tested positive for Covid-19, only 38.4% were blood type O -- even though, among a group of 2.2 million people who were not tested, that blood type made up 41.7% of the population. By contrast, 44.4% of group A tested positive, while in the wider Danish population that blood type makes up 42.4%.

That study involved analyzing data on Danish people who were tested between February 27 and July 30, and the distribution of blood types among those people was compared with data from people who had not been tested.

The other study, conducted by researchers in Canada, found that among 95 patients critically ill with Covid-19, a higher proportion with blood type A or AB -- 84% -- required mechanical ventilation compared with patients with blood type O or B, at 61%. The study also found those with blood type A or AB had a longer stay in the intensive care unit, a median of 13.5 days, compared with those with blood type O or B, who had a median of nine days.

That study involved analyzing data on ICU patients who were admitted to six metropolitan Vancouver hospitals between February 21 and April 28.

Both studies come with limitations. They show only an association between blood type and Covid-19 risk. More research is needed to determine whether this connection is true and what could be driving it.

No trick or treating in Beverly Hills

The Beverly Hills City Council voted Tuesday to prohibit trick-or-treating this year, citing concerns over Covid-19.

Halloween activities including trick-or-treating and "spraying shaving cream on others" are banned, according to an ordinance approved by the council.

Several high volume trick-or-treating streets will be closed to outside pedestrian and vehicular traffic on Halloween night. Violators could be fined, the city said in a news release.

The ordinance was approved the same day California released its recommendations for Halloween festivities, noting that in-person trick-or-treating and related activities "pose a high risk of spreading COVID-19," but are not explicitly banned.

The decision places Beverly Hills among the first cities in the nation to prohibit in-person Halloween activities.

"This is a fairly small price to pay to keep this trajectory down, keep the schools open," said Beverly Hills Mayor Lester Friedman.

Wisconsin judge blocks public gatherings mandate

A circuit court judge in Wisconsin has issued a temporary restraining order against Gov. Tony Evers' executive order limiting public gatherings to 25% occupancy.

In his ruling issued Tuesday, Judge John Yackel said that the state health department as well as the Sawyer County health department, where the plaintiffs are based, cannot enforce the emergency order until further ordered by the court.

It is unclear whether the restraining order is statewide or just for the county where the filing was placed.

Evers spokeswoman Britt Cudaback said the governor will challenge the ruling.

"This is a dangerous decision that leaves our state without a statewide effort to contain this virus," Cudaback wrote in an email. "We need Wisconsinites to stay home and help us prevent the spread of COVID-19."

In a statement before the ruling, the Tavern League of Wisconsin, a non-profit trade association, said that it supports the efforts to limit the spread of Covid-19 but want to "allow our members to continue to serve their communities."

The league said the restaurants, taverns and bars are facing bankruptcy, closure or economic ruin.

"We do not have the financial wherewithal to survive the blunt force of another business shutdown which have not proven effective and will result in catastrophic losses in the hospitality industry in Wisconsin," TLW President Chris Marsicano said Tuesday.

A different circuit court judge on Friday upheld Evers' statewide mask mandate that is scheduled to expire on November 21.

CORRECTION: A previous version of this story inaccurately reported how many of the people who tested positive in the Danish study were blood type O.

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 608519

Reported Deaths: 9693
CountyCasesDeaths
Marion840461335
Lake45349684
Allen32803548
Hamilton29394315
St. Joseph27380381
Elkhart24404345
Vanderburgh19411249
Tippecanoe17970138
Johnson15069295
Porter14783169
Hendricks14401248
Madison10965221
Vigo10726181
Clark10677144
Monroe9383110
Delaware9116134
LaPorte9065163
Howard8236144
Kosciusko806983
Warrick672999
Hancock6697104
Bartholomew6484100
Floyd6428110
Wayne6136162
Grant5991115
Dubois555579
Boone551168
Morgan541295
Henry507864
Marshall503984
Cass483263
Dearborn479845
Noble473059
Jackson425047
Shelby417581
Lawrence391079
Clinton373043
Gibson370359
Harrison348144
DeKalb347164
Montgomery345754
Knox335639
Miami321444
Steuben313745
Whitley307326
Wabash303251
Adams300936
Ripley298445
Putnam296850
Huntington291659
Jasper289034
White273243
Daviess270474
Jefferson263338
Decatur247683
Fayette247148
Greene239862
Posey239328
Wells236051
LaGrange228862
Scott225339
Clay222532
Randolph213548
Jennings198936
Sullivan192333
Spencer191321
Washington186423
Fountain184027
Starke175443
Jay167623
Owen165737
Fulton164030
Orange159534
Carroll158015
Rush155118
Perry154229
Vermillion149134
Franklin148333
Tipton132332
Parke13078
Pike116926
Blackford111022
Pulaski97037
Newton90921
Brown88035
Benton86610
Crawford7999
Martin73713
Warren6817
Switzerland6615
Union6287
Ohio4907
Unassigned0376

Ohio Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 859841

Reported Deaths: 10680
CountyCasesDeaths
Franklin101171707
Cuyahoga855711125
Hamilton64017448
Montgomery43107418
Summit34836761
Lucas31350625
Butler30973232
Stark25786435
Warren19671140
Lorain19017223
Mahoning17321338
Lake16080154
Clermont15926111
Delaware1438878
Licking13204137
Trumbull12809316
Fairfield1279381
Greene12055137
Medina11591168
Clark10942265
Wood10348158
Allen9897126
Portage9296109
Miami916873
Richland9139118
Marion7459113
Tuscarawas7381182
Columbiana7327124
Pickaway726150
Wayne7034171
Muskingum703141
Erie6152129
Hancock552390
Ross548998
Scioto539164
Geauga508455
Darke470292
Ashtabula453073
Lawrence452654
Union451828
Sandusky436662
Mercer433589
Seneca430166
Huron428741
Auglaize422264
Shelby421222
Jefferson419269
Belmont416840
Washington388740
Athens38009
Putnam374975
Madison355129
Knox352622
Ashland344938
Fulton338443
Defiance330086
Crawford322374
Preble320637
Brown312921
Logan307332
Ottawa293943
Clinton290143
Williams278667
Highland275118
Jackson263845
Guernsey254125
Champaign252028
Fayette236530
Morrow23234
Perry231318
Holmes225474
Henry218749
Hardin213033
Coshocton205622
Van Wert202245
Gallia196726
Wyandot196051
Pike176217
Adams176115
Hocking172024
Carroll155616
Paulding144321
Noble120540
Meigs108624
Monroe100732
Harrison89121
Morgan83130
Vinton70213
Unassigned00
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