Libya Fast Facts

Here's some background information about Libya,...

Posted: Aug 30, 2018 7:04 PM
Updated: Aug 30, 2018 7:04 PM

Here's some background information about Libya, an oil-rich country in North Africa bordering the Mediterranean Sea and Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Chad, Niger and Sudan.

About Libya:
(from the CIA World Factbook)
Area: 1,759,540 square kilometers (slightly larger than Alaska)

Abdel Basset al-Megrahi

Abdurrahim El-Keib

Africa

Benghazi

Bombings

Business, economy and trade

Embargoes and sanctions

International relations

International trade

International trade law

Libya

Lockerbie bombing

Middle East and North Africa

Moammar Gadhafi

Northern Africa

Prime ministers

Trade and development

Trade regulation and policy

Tripoli

United Nations

Unrest, conflicts and war

Armed forces

Military

Elections and campaigns

Politics

Legislative bodies

Government and public administration

Government bodies and offices

International relations and national security

Nontariff barriers

Political Figures - Intl

Abdullah al-Thinni

ISIS

National security

Terrorism

Terrorism and counter-terrorism

Fast Facts

US federal government

White House

Muslim extremists

Civil wars

Continents and regions

Government organizations - Intl

Heads of government

Misc people

Saif al-Islam Gadhafi

Population: 6,653,210 (July 2017 est.)

Median age: 28.9 years

Capital: Tripoli

Ethnic groups: Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians and Tunisians)

Religion: Sunni Muslim 96.6%, other 3.4%

GDP (purchasing power parity): $64.4 billion (2017 est.)

GDP per capita: $10,000 (2017 est.)

Unemployment: 30% (2004 est.)

Other Facts:
Libya has proven oil reserves estimated at 48 billion barrels, making it one of the top 10 oil-rich countries in the world.

Colonel Moammar Gadhafi ruled Libya from 1969 to 2011. In the 1970s and 1980s, he was known for supporting Palestinian terrorist groups. In the late 1990s, Gadhafi made steps toward rapprochement with the West.

Timeline:
1911-1912 - Italy gains control of the area comprising modern day Libya from the Ottoman Empire.

1940-1943 - During World War II, Axis and Allied forces battle in Libya. After the Axis troops are defeated, Italy withdraws and Libya falls under French and British control.

November 1949 - A United Nations resolution calls for the establishment of a sovereign state of Libya by January 1952.

December 24, 1951 - King Idris I proclaims the independence of Libya.

1959 - Significant oil reserves are discovered.

September 1, 1969 - A group of army officers led by Moammar Gadhafi overthrows Idris.

1977 - The General People's Congress (GPC) replaces the Revolutionary Command Council (RCC), which has led the country since the 1969 coup.

1979 - Gadhafi resigns as secretary-general of the GPC, but remains the de factor ruler of Libya.

August 1981 - US Navy jets shoot down two Libyan fighters in a confrontation over the Gulf of Sidra.

March 1982 - The United States imposes an oil embargo on Libya.

January 1986 - Gadhafi draws a "line of death" across the Gulf of Sidra, which he claims is Libyan territory, and warns the United States and other foreign ships not to cross it.

March 1986 - Libya fires missiles at a US aircraft flying inside the "line of death." In retaliation, the US Navy destroys at least two Libyan patrol boats in the Gulf of Sidra.

April 1986 - In response to the Libyan sponsored bombing of a German disco frequented by US soldiers, the United States bombs targets in Libya.

December 21, 1988 - Pan Am Flight 103 explodes 31,000 feet over Lockerbie, Scotland, 38 minutes after takeoff from London. Two hundred and fifty-nine people on board the New York-bound Boeing 747 are killed, along with 11 people on the ground.

September 19, 1989 - UTA Flight 772, a French airliner, explodes over Niger. One hundred and seventy passengers and crew members are killed. In 1999, six Libyans are tried in absentia and convicted in a French court.

April 15, 1996 - The United Nations imposes sanctions on Libya over the 1988 Pan Am Flight 103 bombing in Lockerbie and the 1989 Niger bombing.

April 5, 1999 - Libya hands over Lockerbie bombing suspects Abdel Basset Ali al-Megrahi and Lamen Khalifa Fhimah to be tried under Scottish law in The Hague. The United Nations suspends sanctions against Libya.

January 31, 2001 - Megrahi is found guilty of the Lockerbie bombings and is sentenced to life in prison. Fhimah is acquitted.

September 2003 - UN sanctions against Libya are lifted.

December 2003 - Libya announces that it has agreed to end its program of developing weapons of mass destruction.

September 2004 - US President George W. Bush issues an executive order that ends most economic sanctions against Libya and lifts a ban on travel to Libya which had been in effect since 1981.

June 2006 - The United States removes Libya from its list of state sponsors of terrorism.

January 2008 - Libya takes a rotating seat on the UN Security Council.

August 14, 2008 - Libya and the United States sign an agreement over claims relating to injuries or deaths in the 1986 bombing of the German disco, the 1988 Lockerbie bombing, and the 1989 French airliner bombing.

October 31, 2008 - The United States receives $1.5 billion from Libya, settling claims from the 1980s bombings.

January 2009 - The United States and Libya exchange ambassadors for the first time since 1973.

August 2009 - Convicted Lockerbie bomber Megrahi is released from a Scottish prison on humanitarian grounds. Megrahi, reportedly suffering from terminal cancer, returns to a hero's welcome in Libya.

September 23, 2009 - Gadhafi addresses the UN General Assembly. In the 1.5-hour speech, he criticizes the United Nations and the Security Council and suggests that they should be moved out of New York.

May 2010 - Libya is elected to a three-year term on the UN Human Rights Council.

February 2011 - Demonstrations break out against the rule of Gadhafi in Benghazi and Tripoli. The protestors are reportedly attacked by security forces, warplanes and helicopter gunships, resulting in hundreds of casualties. These protests spread through the country, igniting the 2011 Libya Civil War.

February 22, 2011 - Gadhafi appears on television to dispel rumors that he has fled the country, vowing he will never leave Libya, and "will die as a martyr at the end."

February 26, 2011 - The UN Security Council imposes sanctions against Libya, including an arms embargo and asset freezes. The Security Council also refers Libya to the International Criminal Court for investigation of crimes against humanity.

May 16, 2011 - The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, requests arrest warrants for Gadhafi, his son Saif al-Islam Gadhafi and his brother-in-law, saying the court has evidence that the three committed crimes against humanity during the Libyan civil war.

August 24, 2011 - The National Transitional Council (NTC), the rebels' political movement, claims rebels now control 90% of the country and plans to move ministries from its base of Benghazi in the east to Tripoli. The NTC will have the primary responsibility for the restoration of law and order when the conflict is over.

October 20, 2011 - Gadhafi dies of a gunshot wound to the head after being captured by rebel forces in his hometown of Sirte, Libya.

October 23, 2011 - Libya's interim leaders declare the nation's freedom in Benghazi, where uprisings against Gadhafi's regime began in February, officially ending the civil war.

October 27, 2011 - The Security Council votes unanimously to end military operations in Libya. The adopted resolution effectively cancels the NATO mission in Libya as of October 31, 2011.

October 30, 2011 - It is announced that two sites containing chemical weapons have been found in Libya. Prime Minister Mahmoud Jibril says the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) has been notified.

October 31, 2011 - The NTC elects Abdurrahim El-Keib, an electrical engineering professor, as the acting prime minister.

November 19, 2011 - Saif al-Islam Gadhafi is captured after a firefight in southern Libya.

November 23, 2011 - El-Keib names 25 people to the Transitional Executive Board, Libya's new cabinet.

December 16, 2011 - The Security Council lifts sanctions on the Central Bank of Libya and the Libyan Foreign Bank.

May 20, 2012 - Megrahi dies in Libya at 60 years old, the only person convicted of the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.

July 7-8, 2012 - Elections are held for the 200-seat national assembly; there are more than 3,500 candidates in the first elections in Libya in 42 years.

July 17, 2012 - Results show the National Forces Alliance, a coalition of 58 political parties, wins the most seats in the 200-seat election, 39; the Justice and Construction party, a Muslim Brotherhood affiliate, came in second with 17 seats.

August 8, 2012 - Libya's NTC hands over power to the General National Congress.

September 11, 2012 - United States Ambassador Christopher Stevens and three US diplomatic staffers are killed in an attack on the US consulate in Benghazi. Initially, the cause is alleged to be an anti-Islam video produced by an Israeli-American, but it is later determined to be a terrorist attack.

September 12, 2012 - The General National Congress names Mustafa Abushagur prime minister-elect and gives him approximately three and a half weeks to form a crisis government proposal.

October 7, 2012 - Abushagur is voted out of office with a "no confidence" 125 to 44 vote against his proposed cabinet.

October 14, 2012 - Ali Zeidan is elected as the country's new prime minister.

October 20, 2012 - Official sources report fighting in the former Gadhafi stronghold of Bani Walid where government forces, at least 200, are wounded and 14 government and pro-government militia members are killed. Among those killed is Khamis Gadhafi, 29, the youngest son of the former leader.

February-March 2014 - Violence levels in Benghazi spike, with assassinations, kidnappings and bombings becoming near daily occurrences. While no group has claimed responsibility for the rising violence in Benghazi, residents and officials blame the violence on Islamist extremist groups.

March 11, 2014 - Libya's parliament votes Zeidan out of office after months of political infighting. Defense Minister Abdallah al-Thinni, who is sworn in after the vote, will hold the position of premier until a replacement is picked.

April 13, 2014 - Thinni resigns after an attack on himself and his family. The General National Congress must approve. Until then, Thinni says he will continue his work as a "caretaker."

May 4, 2014 - The General National Congress (GNC) elects Ahmed Maiteeq as Prime Minister. However, some members of the parliament reject the appointment and ask Thinni to stay in place because Maiteeq's appointment failed to reach a quorum and therefore is illegitimate.

May 16, 2014 - Retired Libyan General Khalifa Hafter, who participated in the 2011 rebellion, launches Operation Dignity, in an effort to rid Benghazi of Islamist militias, including Ansar al Sharia. Seventy-five people are killed and 141 wounded in the battle in and around Benghazi.

May 18, 2014 - Operation Dignity forces storm parliament and call for the suspension of the General National Congress (GNC).

June 9, 2014 - Libya's Supreme Court rules Maiteeq's election as prime minister was unconstitutional. Thinni remains the interim prime minister.

June 15, 2014 - Ahmed Abu Khatallah, the suspected mastermind behind the 2012 bombing of the US diplomatic compound in Benghazi, is captured.

June 25, 2014 - A new parliament is elected.

July 13, 2014 - Islamist militants launch Operation Libya Dawn, in an effort to take control of the Tripoli International Airport, which has been under the control of moderate militias since the fall of Gadhafi.

July 14, 2014 - All air traffic in and out Tripoli is suspended. Also, the United Nations announces that it has evacuated its staff.

July 26, 2014 - Military and civilian personnel from the US embassy are evacuated from Tripoli.

August 4, 2014 - The first session of the new parliament, called the House of Representatives (HOR), is held in Tobruk.

August 2014 - Islamist militias take control of the airport in Tripoli. They reinstate the General National Congress in Tripoli, although the new parliament in Tobruk is recognized internationally as the central government.

September 1, 2014 - Parliament reappoints Thinni, who resigned just days before, as prime minister and asks him to form a new government.

November 6, 2014 - The Libyan supreme court rules the June elections were unconstitutional and illegal, dissolving the House of Representatives. The HOR ignores the ruling.

January 22, 2015 - Operation Dignity forces take control of the Libyan Central Bank in Benghazi.

February 15, 2015 - Islamic militant group ISIS releases a propaganda video which appears to show the beheadings of 21 Egyptian Christians on a Libyan beach.

February 16, 2015 - Egyptian warplanes stage airstrikes against ISIS targets in Libya in retaliation.

February 20, 2015 - Three simultaneous suicide car bomb blasts kill at least 30 and injure more than 40 in Gobba, Libya. Wilayat al-Barqa, the Libyan branch of ISIS, claims responsibility for the explosions.

May 26, 2015 - While in the eastern city of Tobruk to attend Parliament, Prime Minister Abdullah al-Thinni survives an attempted assassination.

July 28, 2015 - Moammar Gadhafi's son, Saif al-Islam Gadhafi, is sentenced to death by firing squad along with eight other Gadhafi regime officials for attempting to suppress the 2011 uprising. The office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights criticized the verdicts and sentences, saying the trials failed to meet international standards for fair trials.

December 17, 2015 - In Skhirat, Morocco, Libya's rival warring factions sign a UN-brokered peace agreement to form a national government.

July 25, 2017 - The two groups battling for control of Libya, the United Nations-backed government in Tripoli, and the Libyan National Army which controls parts of the east of the country, commit to a ceasefire and fresh elections after talks near Paris hosted by French President Emmanuel Macron. The rivals pledge a "ceasefire and to refrain from any use of armed force for any purpose that does not strictly constitute counter-terrorism..."

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 733591

Reported Deaths: 13466
CountyCasesDeaths
Marion1003871748
Lake54020975
Allen40829679
St. Joseph35898552
Hamilton35735408
Elkhart28745442
Tippecanoe22432219
Vanderburgh22342397
Porter18871310
Johnson18028381
Hendricks17283315
Clark13015191
Madison12725339
Vigo12482248
LaPorte12011214
Monroe11928170
Delaware10726187
Howard9959218
Kosciusko9451117
Hancock8325142
Bartholomew8085156
Warrick7792155
Floyd7677178
Grant7080174
Wayne7064199
Boone6722101
Morgan6596139
Dubois6162117
Marshall6083112
Cass5839105
Dearborn582178
Henry5767104
Noble563684
Jackson502773
Shelby493696
Lawrence4571120
Harrison436372
Gibson436292
DeKalb429685
Clinton428153
Montgomery425389
Whitley397439
Huntington393380
Steuben390057
Miami382668
Knox372690
Jasper370148
Putnam362360
Wabash354980
Adams341955
Ripley340270
Jefferson331581
White315654
Daviess298299
Wells291981
Decatur285692
Fayette281662
Greene280085
Posey271933
LaGrange268370
Scott267254
Clay260647
Washington241832
Randolph241481
Spencer232631
Jennings230649
Starke217854
Fountain213246
Sullivan212142
Owen202156
Jay196730
Fulton195640
Carroll189620
Orange184154
Perry184037
Rush173725
Vermillion169743
Franklin168435
Tipton163045
Parke146616
Blackford135132
Pike135134
Pulaski117145
Newton108334
Brown102641
Crawford101315
Benton99014
Martin89515
Warren82415
Switzerland7938
Union71110
Ohio57111
Unassigned0417

Ohio Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 1089357

Reported Deaths: 19528
CountyCasesDeaths
Franklin1265611406
Cuyahoga1129542134
Hamilton803281211
Montgomery517261015
Summit47483955
Lucas42491792
Butler38487585
Stark32544909
Lorain25135486
Warren24359300
Mahoning21735588
Lake20791371
Clermont19844240
Delaware18582133
Licking16470212
Fairfield16284200
Trumbull16141468
Medina15341266
Greene15128244
Clark14062299
Wood13153189
Portage12930206
Allen11713232
Richland11414199
Miami10706220
Wayne8900214
Columbiana8859229
Muskingum8824133
Pickaway8589121
Marion8553136
Tuscarawas8500245
Erie7937155
Hancock6935128
Ashtabula6871172
Ross6871156
Geauga6724148
Scioto6431102
Belmont5960168
Union572948
Lawrence5583102
Jefferson5566151
Huron5453120
Darke5372126
Sandusky5369122
Seneca5305122
Washington5213109
Athens520458
Auglaize494586
Mercer481185
Shelby470193
Knox4506110
Madison438263
Putnam4297101
Fulton425969
Ashland425190
Defiance423997
Crawford3989107
Brown396657
Logan383076
Preble381098
Clinton373863
Ottawa368181
Highland356262
Williams342575
Champaign334658
Guernsey317353
Jackson313752
Perry295750
Morrow286839
Fayette282950
Hardin271564
Henry270266
Coshocton265657
Holmes2621101
Van Wert243963
Adams239553
Pike238034
Gallia236449
Wyandot232055
Hocking216062
Carroll192148
Paulding173940
Meigs145240
Noble133737
Monroe132542
Harrison109237
Morgan108523
Vinton84215
Unassigned02
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Isolated rain showers are possible late Saturday night into early Sunday morning. Most of Sunday will be dry and warm, but one or two pop-up showers possible Sunday afternoon.
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