Mad Cow Disease Fast Facts

Here's a look at Mad Cow Disease, a fatal brain disease found in cattle.Facts:...

Posted: Oct 19, 2018 10:41 AM
Updated: Oct 19, 2018 10:42 AM

Here's a look at Mad Cow Disease, a fatal brain disease found in cattle.

Facts:
It has been linked to a fatal brain disease in humans called variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD).

Agriculture

Animal farming and livestock

Beef

Canada

Consumer products

Creutzfeldt-jakob disease

Diseases and disorders

Food and drink

Food products

Health and medical

Livestock

Livestock diseases

Livestock feed

Mad cow disease

Meat products

Neurological disorders and injuries

North America

United States

European Union

Business and industry sectors

Government and public administration

Government bodies and offices

Kinds of foods and beverages

US Department of Agriculture

US federal departments and agencies

US federal government

Banking, finance and investments

Business, economy and trade

Commodity markets

Dairy production

Europe

Financial markets and investing

Food and beverage industry

Food production industry

Northern Europe

United Kingdom

Fast Facts

Bombay Stock Exchange

Companies

Securities trading

Stock markets

Animals

Life forms

Agriculture, forestry, and commercial fishing

Continents and regions

The Americas

The official name of mad cow disease is bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE). BSE lesions are characterized by sponge-like changes seen under an ordinary microscope.

Eating contaminated meat or other products from cattle (excluding dairy products) with BSE is thought to be the cause of vCJD.

BSE is passed between cows through the practice of recycling bovine carcasses for meat and bone meal protein, which is fed back to other cattle.

Both mad cow disease and vCJD are fatal.

Symptoms of vCJD involve psychiatric symptoms and behavioral changes, movement deficits, memory disturbances and cognitive impairments.

BSE Statistics (Cattle): (source: CDC)
BSE cases in North America 1993-August 2018: 26 cases confirmed, 20 in Canada, and six in the United States. One of the infected cows that died in the United States was born in Canada. One of the infected Canadian cows was imported from the United Kingdom.

vCJD Statistics (Humans): (source: CDC)
Since 1996, 231 vCJD cases have been identified in 12 countries:
United Kingdom - 178
France - 27
Spain - 5
Ireland - 4
United States - 4
Italy - 3
The Netherlands - 3
Portugal - 2
Canada - 2
Japan - 1
Saudi Arabia - 1
Taiwan - 1

Timeline:
1986 - Mad cow disease is first discovered in the United Kingdom. From 1986 through 2001, a British outbreak affects about 180,000 cattle and devastates farming communities.

January 1993 - The BSE epidemic in Britain reaches its peak with almost 1,000 new cases being reported per week.

1996 - The first case of vCJD is reported.

1996-1999 - The European Union bans British beef. France continues the ban for an additional three years.

May 20, 2003 - Canada's first case of mad cow disease is confirmed in an eight-year-old cow in Alberta. Canadian officials say the cow did not enter the food chain.

May 21, 2003 - Mexico, Japan and South Korea join the United States in temporarily banning Canadian beef.

December 23, 2003 - The US Department of Agriculture confirms the first case of mad cow disease in the United States. The infected cow is discovered on a farm in Washington State in early December. Japan, China and South Korea stop the importation of US beef. The infected cow was born in Canada, in April 1997 - just four months before the United States and Canada began banning the use of brain and spinal cord tissue in cattle feed.

January 9, 2004 - The USDA says it will begin destroying about 130 cattle that were "herd mates" of the cow that tested positive for the first-ever US case of mad cow disease.

January 26, 2004 - New safeguards against mad cow disease are announced by the Food and Drug Administration. They include banning chicken waste from cattle feed and barring restaurant meat scraps from being used in animal feed.

January 28, 2004 - The Commodity Futures Trading Commission launches an investigation into whether some commodity futures market players may have known about the first US case of mad cow disease before it was announced to the public.

June 20, 2004 - Charlene Singh, the first person known to live in the United States with vCJD, dies.

January 2, 2005 - Canadian health authorities confirm that test results have identified a 10-year-old dairy cow in Alberta as having mad cow disease. This is Canada's second case of BSE in two years.

June 24, 2005 - The second US case of BSE is confirmed.

March 13, 2006 - The third US case of BSE is confirmed after an Alabama cow tests positive.

September 5, 2008 - Canadian scientists announce a discovery that paves the way for diagnostic testing of live cattle, rather than postmortem.

September 13, 2008 - An Alabama research study shows that mad cow disease can sometimes be caused by genetic mutations.

March 10, 2009 - An anti-malaria drug known as quinacrine, which had reportedly shown promise against mad cow disease, is found to have no effect on the disease according to a British medical study.

March 14, 2009 - The US government permanently bans the slaughter of cows too sick or weak to stand on their own, seeking to further minimize the contraction of mad cow disease.

April 24, 2012 - The USDA confirms the fourth case of BSE, found in a dairy cow from central California. The announcement maintains that the cow was never presented for slaughter for human consumption and poses no risk.

March 2014 - After 15 years, the United States lifts the ban on beef from the European Union, pending inspections.

June 11, 2014 - The USDA announces a recall of 4,000 pounds of beef; a spokesperson cites "an abundance of caution." The meat comes out of the Fruitland American Meat processing plant in Jackson, Missouri.

March 24, 2016 - France confirms the first case of BSE since 2011.

October 18, 2018 - Scotland confirms an "isolated case" of mad cow disease has been discovered on a farm in Aberdeen.

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 1007681

Reported Deaths: 16470
CountyCasesDeaths
Marion1355212121
Lake664101166
Allen57993801
Hamilton46350465
St. Joseph44397615
Elkhart35949510
Vanderburgh32251480
Tippecanoe27933260
Johnson25107445
Hendricks23897359
Porter22929365
Madison18748409
Clark18557252
Vigo17479303
Monroe15263200
LaPorte15173250
Delaware15073263
Howard14748290
Kosciusko12348148
Hancock11728176
Bartholomew11639180
Warrick11292189
Floyd11108215
Wayne10986253
Grant10082220
Morgan9472176
Boone8926115
Dubois8271131
Henry8229152
Dearborn822393
Noble8031106
Marshall7939135
Cass7546121
Lawrence7457171
Shelby7189119
Jackson698289
Gibson6597115
Harrison649192
Knox6421106
Huntington6395100
DeKalb632399
Montgomery6264111
Miami593398
Putnam581278
Clinton576171
Whitley565755
Steuben562576
Wabash5332104
Jasper532079
Jefferson511297
Ripley500586
Adams482576
Daviess4677114
Scott438974
Greene425196
Wells424888
Clay423360
White418764
Decatur4169102
Fayette406587
Jennings387361
Posey376644
Washington359151
LaGrange359078
Randolph3452100
Spencer340243
Fountain335760
Sullivan329452
Starke317171
Owen314771
Fulton312667
Orange293664
Jay284645
Franklin265643
Perry265452
Rush262432
Carroll261934
Vermillion258654
Parke231426
Pike229243
Tipton228159
Blackford193142
Pulaski183757
Crawford159823
Newton158348
Benton150617
Brown146747
Martin138719
Switzerland135011
Warren121116
Union107016
Ohio84613
Unassigned0540

Ohio Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 1515838

Reported Deaths: 23955
CountyCasesDeaths
Franklin1640131696
Cuyahoga1460532459
Hamilton1052061431
Montgomery738951279
Summit616491111
Lucas56212917
Butler51500718
Stark465771064
Lorain35525585
Warren32769377
Mahoning30719693
Clermont28151330
Lake26979448
Delaware24159164
Licking23882294
Trumbull22825561
Fairfield22354247
Greene22289326
Medina22002313
Clark19812354
Richland18559292
Portage17924252
Wood17427224
Allen15967279
Miami15524306
Muskingum14789185
Columbiana14017274
Wayne13755271
Tuscarawas12692311
Marion11957180
Scioto11452162
Pickaway11356142
Erie10867184
Ross10555203
Lawrence9746153
Ashtabula9701204
Hancock9687155
Belmont9287209
Geauga8933157
Jefferson8547199
Huron8380143
Union818859
Washington8085144
Sandusky7807151
Athens776179
Knox7705144
Darke7643158
Seneca7343145
Ashland6945130
Auglaize678699
Shelby6516115
Brown635291
Crawford6261130
Defiance6192105
Mercer614593
Fulton601296
Highland599399
Madison593978
Guernsey589771
Logan587996
Clinton582993
Preble5710125
Putnam5323110
Williams528088
Perry517363
Champaign511573
Jackson508573
Ottawa486286
Coshocton482283
Morrow458158
Pike433467
Fayette428263
Hardin418080
Gallia417267
Adams416695
Van Wert370882
Henry364072
Holmes3624125
Hocking356482
Wyandot322962
Carroll301765
Paulding279447
Meigs264651
Monroe215554
Noble199747
Morgan193933
Harrison181446
Vinton165525
Unassigned05
Fort Wayne
Mostly Cloudy
43° wxIcon
Hi: 52° Lo: 37°
Feels Like: 40°
Angola
Partly Cloudy
33° wxIcon
Hi: 48° Lo: 34°
Feels Like: 33°
Huntington
Cloudy
43° wxIcon
Hi: 55° Lo: 41°
Feels Like: 40°
Decatur
Cloudy
43° wxIcon
Hi: 56° Lo: 43°
Feels Like: 40°
Van Wert
Cloudy
49° wxIcon
Hi: 56° Lo: 42°
Feels Like: 49°
Showers on tap for Sunday with the chance of a few thunderstorms.
WFFT Radar
WFFT Temperatures
WFFT National

Community Events