Hurricane Season Fast Facts

Here's a look at what you need to know about the Atlantic hurrican...

Posted: May 7, 2018 4:53 PM
Updated: May 7, 2018 4:53 PM

Here's a look at what you need to know about the Atlantic hurricane season, which runs from June 1 to November 30.

Facts:
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration defines a hurricane as "an intense tropical weather system with well-defined circulation and sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher." In the western Pacific Ocean, hurricanes are called typhoons while similar storms in the Indian Ocean are called cyclones.

The peak of the Atlantic season is from mid-August to late October.

Hurricanes are rated according to intensity on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.

The 1-5 scale estimates potential property damage.

A Category 3 or higher is considered a major hurricane.

A hurricane watch indicates the possibility that a region could experience hurricane conditions within 48 hours.

A hurricane warning indicates that tropical-storm-force winds of at least 74 mph are expected within 36 hours.

Hurricane Development:
There are four stages of development: tropical disturbance, tropical depression, tropical storm, tropical cyclone (hurricane).

Tropical disturbance: Cloud columns develop into a cluster of thunderstorms.

Tropical depression: Thunderstorms intensify, with maximum sustained winds of 38 mph.

Tropical storm: Maximum sustained winds are between 39-73 mph. During this time, the storm becomes more circular in shape, with winds swirling around a calm center, known as the eye. This is when the storm is named.

Tropical cyclone (hurricane): Wind speeds reach 74 mph. The storm is at least 50,000 feet high and 125 miles across, rotating around an eye that spans 5-30 miles wide.

Hurricane categories:
Category 1: Minimal hurricane
Winds 74-95 mph.

Storm surge 3-5 feet.

No significant damage to buildings. Damage primarily to unanchored homes, shrubbery and trees.

Some damage to poorly constructed signs and coastal road flooding with minor pier damage.

Damage to power lines and poles could result in power outages lasting several days.

Category 2: Moderate hurricane
Winds 96-110 mph.

Storm surge 6-8 feet.

Some damage to buildings, mainly roofs, doors and windows. Considerable damage to shrubbery and trees with some trees blown down. Major damage to mobile homes. Extensive damage to poorly constructed signs and considerable damage to piers.

Small craft in unprotected anchorages may break moorings.

Power outages could last from several days to weeks.

Category 3: Extensive hurricane
Winds 111-130 mph.

Storm surge 9-12 feet.

Some structural damage to small buildings. Many large trees blown down. Rampant destruction of mobile homes in storms ranked category 3 or higher. Serious coastal flooding, damaging or destroying structures along the water.

Evacuation of low-lying residences within several blocks of the shoreline may be required.

Electricity and water may be unavailable for several days to a few weeks.

Category 4: Extreme hurricane
Winds 131-155 mph.

Storm surge 13-18 feet.

Extensive building damage to windows and doors as well as roof collapse in some small residences. Shrubs, trees and signs are blown down. Major damage to lower floors of buildings near coastline due to flooding, battering waves and floating debris. Major beach erosion.

Power outages could last from weeks to possibly months. Areas may be uninhabitable for weeks or months.

Category 5: Catastrophic hurricane
Winds greater than 155 mph.

Storm surge higher than 18 feet.

Complete roof failure on many residences and industrial buildings. Widespread destruction of structures less than 15 feet above sea level within 500 yards of shore. Low-lying evacuation routes cut off by rising water 3 to 5 hours before hurricane center arrives.

Advance evacuation of residential areas on low ground within 5-10 miles of the shoreline may be required.

Power outages could last for months. Area may remain uninhabitable for months.

Names:
There are ten regional lists of names worldwide: Atlantic, Eastern North Pacific, Central North Pacific, Western North Pacific/South China Sea, Australian Region, Nadi, Port Moresby, Jakarta, Southwest Indian Ocean and Northern Indian Ocean.

Using women's names for Atlantic storms was the practice until 1979, when male names were added to the mix.

The World Meteorological Organization's Hurricane Committee creates lists of hurricane names that are recycled every six years.

Names associated with storms that have caused significant death and/or damage are retired from the list. After an active 2017 hurricane season, NOAA announced the names Harvey, Irma, Maria and Nate were being retired. Other names that have been removed include Camille (1969), Andrew (1992), Opal (1995), Floyd (1999), Ivan (2004), Katrina (2005), Ike (2008) and Sandy (2012). Once a name is removed, another name replaces it.

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 666516

Reported Deaths: 12726
CountyCasesDeaths
Marion912711659
Lake48687890
Allen36102644
Hamilton32445398
St. Joseph30306514
Elkhart25510420
Vanderburgh21326382
Tippecanoe20220205
Johnson16466363
Porter16068281
Hendricks15944302
Clark12060182
Madison11799323
Vigo11685234
Monroe10419164
Delaware9891179
LaPorte9831199
Howard9112201
Kosciusko8597111
Bartholomew7522147
Hancock7462134
Warrick7451153
Floyd7263173
Wayne6661192
Grant6462158
Boone616691
Morgan6129128
Dubois5936112
Dearborn551270
Cass5485100
Marshall5451105
Henry542995
Noble513178
Jackson465567
Shelby463391
Lawrence4195113
Gibson405185
Harrison403265
Clinton397553
Montgomery391684
DeKalb387478
Miami358263
Knox357885
Whitley351238
Huntington349477
Steuben340055
Putnam333960
Wabash333176
Ripley327962
Adams325449
Jasper319143
White298152
Jefferson296274
Daviess285996
Fayette272756
Decatur271688
Greene262680
Posey261432
Wells259075
Scott251850
LaGrange242470
Clay241644
Randolph226077
Spencer219430
Jennings216744
Washington213027
Sullivan203739
Fountain202842
Starke189951
Owen183654
Fulton179737
Jay178728
Carroll176919
Perry174036
Orange171451
Rush165622
Vermillion161543
Franklin159935
Tipton149541
Parke140216
Pike128533
Blackford120627
Pulaski107644
Newton96832
Brown95340
Benton92413
Crawford92213
Martin80314
Warren75914
Switzerland7558
Union67510
Ohio54211
Unassigned0427

Ohio Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 977736

Reported Deaths: 17501
CountyCasesDeaths
Franklin1129551251
Cuyahoga968561881
Hamilton738821067
Montgomery47506923
Summit40668831
Butler35827531
Lucas35779720
Stark29581826
Warren22574275
Lorain22190424
Mahoning19578551
Lake18545332
Clermont18519205
Delaware16597121
Licking15089194
Fairfield14644188
Trumbull14423424
Greene13659221
Medina13517237
Clark12376256
Wood11656170
Portage11127172
Allen10820216
Richland10372188
Miami10059194
Muskingum8238117
Columbiana8168210
Pickaway8094111
Tuscarawas8075232
Marion8020127
Wayne7933199
Erie6961146
Ross6173132
Geauga6114142
Hancock6030121
Scioto600488
Ashtabula5998154
Lawrence527586
Union516341
Darke5052116
Belmont4999137
Huron4859108
Jefferson4836137
Sandusky4798112
Washington474396
Seneca4734111
Athens466149
Mercer459781
Auglaize456582
Shelby442679
Knox4054105
Putnam400593
Madison395455
Fulton383161
Ashland382683
Brown374852
Defiance373788
Crawford360098
Logan357373
Preble353987
Clinton342455
Highland328451
Ottawa325371
Williams303568
Jackson291846
Champaign290949
Guernsey288845
Perry271148
Fayette269943
Morrow261437
Henry247861
Hardin247359
Holmes244497
Coshocton240756
Van Wert230157
Gallia223938
Adams218239
Pike217228
Wyandot212450
Hocking195054
Carroll182143
Paulding161034
Meigs136031
Noble129233
Monroe117237
Morgan102120
Harrison100731
Vinton76613
Unassigned00
Fort Wayne
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Angola
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Huntington
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Fort Wayne
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Lima
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Warmer, breezy on Monday
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