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Here's where dissatisfied teachers are taking action next

The next wave of teacher walkouts and demonstrations is about to begin.Public school educators in Arizona are ...

Posted: Apr 25, 2018 4:23 PM
Updated: Apr 25, 2018 4:23 PM

The next wave of teacher walkouts and demonstrations is about to begin.

Public school educators in Arizona are scheduled to walk out Thursday, and some of their counterparts in Colorado will be at the state Capitol on Thursday and Friday in hopes of getting more funding from legislators.

Teachers in other states, including North Carolina, are either planning their own demonstrations or watching developments closely.

Educators in many states have been rising up against what they say is chronic underfunding, some of which dates to recession-era cuts. They've been energized by teachers in West Virginia, who landed a 5% pay raise last month after a nine-day strike, and walkouts in Oklahoma and Kentucky.

Arizona walkout set for Thursday

Arizona teachers have been agitating for weeks for better pay and more overall dollars for education -- and while the governor says he's pushing for a raise, educators say the plan isn't enough.

Members of the state's education association voted last week to walk out on Thursday. It's unclear how long the walkout will last. The Arizona Educators United grassroots coalition said 90 districts are expected to close Thursday, with between 30,000 and 50,000 educators making a stand.

Earlier this month, Gov. Doug Ducey announced a proposal to raise teachers' pay over the next three years, to what would amount to a 20% total raise by the 2020-2021 school year.

Ducey also proposed to restore education funding from recession-era cuts, by $371 million phased in over the next five years.

But Arizona Educators United had called for 20% pay raises for teachers by next school year, and to completely restore education funding to 2008 levels. The coalition and the Arizona Education Association say funding levels are $1 billion below that of 2008.

The average pay of Arizona teachers in 2017 -- $47,403 -- ranked 44th in the nation, and the state ranked 48th that year in per pupil spending, according to the National Education Association.

As in other states, teachers in Arizona say cuts to general education funding stops districts from keeping up with textbooks, supplies and technology. Low pay and funding also hurt teacher recruitment and retention, leading to teacher shortages and unwieldy class sizes, they say.

Ducey has said he still is pushing his plan to legislators, and on Monday he told Phoenix radio station KFYI that he didn't understand why teachers would walk out with that proposal in play.

"I don't know why the leaders would say that they're going to strike when we're delivering for the teachers on what we believe they deserve," Ducey told KFYI. "I can't understand that. But whatever the leaders in that movement are doing, I don't think they're really representing the teachers that are there for their kids every day, that are there for their parents."

Some schools may attempt to have classes Thursday, should they have enough teachers and staff willing to ignore the walkout, and substitutes. But dozens of school districts say they intend to close should the walkout happen as scheduled, CNN affiliates in Arizona have reported.

Colorado: Some schools closing Thursday and Friday

Last week, one Colorado school district closed as a few hundred educators went to the Capitol in Denver to rally for more funding. Two gatherings at the Capitol this week are expected to be much bigger.

At least 25 districts are closing either Thursday or Friday as thousands of teachers, school staff and their advocates are expected to go to the Capitol, the Colorado Education Association said.

Denver Public Schools, which has canceled Friday's classes, said the state funds education at more than $2,000 per student less than the national average. "That is short-sighted and wrong. Our state needs to dramatically increase our investment in education, and all of our voices play a vital role in this effort," the superintendent said.

Some of those 25 districts already had teacher work days planned for then, so classes wouldn't have happened anyway. But a majority of them are closing because enough educators called in to take personal days -- and the districts didn't have enough substitutes to carry on, CEA Vice President Amie Baca-Oehlert said.

"(Educators) are going there to say, 'I am here to be a voice for my students who for too long have been chronically underfunded," she said.

While state budget writers, according to the Denver Post, have set aside an additional $100 million for education funding, teachers say that is not enough.

Among the issues:

-- Education funding: Colorado effectively has underfunded its schools by $828 million this year alone, the CEA says, because the state hasn't kept up with a state constitutional mandate passed last decade to increase funds each year by at least the rate of inflation.

Raising taxes to make up that money isn't easy, because the state's 1992 taxpayer bill of rights demands that voters approve any tax hikes.

The CEA says teachers it recently surveyed reported spending an average of $656 yearly on school supplies and expenses for students.

-- Teacher pay: The CEA says Colorado educators' average pay dropped by more than 17% when adjusting for inflation over the last 15 years. In 2017, Colorado ranked 31st in the country for average teachers' salary, according to the National Education Association.

Low funding and teacher pay, the association says, is making the job less attractive to college graduates and prodding teachers to leave the profession early, and led to a shortage of fully qualified teachers.

-- Pension reform: The CEA is keeping an eye on a bill that would try to reduce an unfunded liability in the teachers' pension plan. At one point, the proposal would have raised teachers' retirement age from 58 to 65, an excessive jump, CEA President Kerrie Dallman said. But an amendment this month changed that to 60. The bill still is making its way through the House.

North Carolina: 'Enough is enough'

North Carolina's education association is urging teachers to take a personal day on May 16 -- the day the General Assembly reconvenes -- to rally at the Capitol in Raleigh for greater funding and higher salaries.

Teachers' concerns there run the gamut: Too little pay, overall funding that is below where it was before the 2008 recession, and class sizes that are too high, North Carolina Association of Educators President Mark Jewell said.

It's not immediately clear how many schools, if any, will close.

Jewell blames the state's Republican lawmakers, who control the Legislature, for shrinking revenues by lowering the state's corporate and personal income tax rates in the past few years.

"They're starving our school districts. Our local school districts are trying to decide whether to hire an extra remediation (employee) or get toilet paper in the bathroom," Jewell said.

"We're just standing up and saying, 'Enough is enough.'"

The nonpartisan Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy said the state would have $2.8 billion more in annual revenue if legislators had not changed the tax system that existed in 2013. Gov. Roy Cooper had said improving education funding is a priority.

North Carolina ranked 39th in average annual teacher pay in 2017 -- $49,970, or nearly $10,000 below the national average, for the state with the country's 10th highest public school student enrollment, the National Education Association says. That's $2,000 more than in 2016, when North Carolina ranked 41st.

Salaries have recently risen by a few thousand dollars for entry- and mid-level teachers, but the levels at which the most experienced educators are paid have barely risen since 2008, Jewell said.

Utah: Waiting for a gas tax increase

In Utah, no statewide action is planned at the moment -- but labor tranquility could hinge on whether voters pass a proposed gas tax increase in November, the state's education association says.

Like many states, Utah saw its public school funding fall after the recession. By 2015, school funding per student was 14.6% below 2008 levels, when adjusted for inflation, the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities says.

Utah's average teacher salaries were near the bottom of the country in 2017 -- at $47,244, more than $12,000 below the national average.

But businesses and the Utah Education Association collaborated on a legislative proposal that, as originally offered, would have raised the personal income and sales taxes by .45% each.

Lawmakers balked at those increases, but as part of a compromise, they passed a 10-cent gas tax increase that will build up school funding, UEA President Heidi Matthews said. The tax hike and another measure would bring $375 million more in annual funding for schools, according to The Salt Lake Tribune.

Lawmakers also passed as an "equalization" measure that will send more salary money to rural, property-poor districts that have a tough time supplementing state funding with property taxes, Matthews said.

"I don't (foresee walkouts), because we have this path and it is so much more collaborative. ... But if this gas tax doesn't pass, anything is possible," she said.

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 749097

Reported Deaths: 13745
CountyCasesDeaths
Marion1030271775
Lake554211006
Allen41613691
St. Joseph36933564
Hamilton36505416
Elkhart29347459
Tippecanoe22849225
Vanderburgh22540400
Porter19313325
Johnson18386387
Hendricks17583317
Clark13190193
Madison13111344
Vigo12602253
LaPorte12385221
Monroe12152175
Delaware10947197
Howard10250225
Kosciusko9609119
Hancock8541144
Bartholomew8158157
Warrick7854156
Floyd7763180
Grant7227179
Wayne7154201
Boone6911103
Morgan6735141
Dubois6211118
Marshall6205116
Cass5989108
Henry5893108
Dearborn588878
Noble579786
Jackson508374
Shelby500697
Lawrence4727121
Gibson444093
Harrison440473
Clinton439855
DeKalb438585
Montgomery433890
Whitley405642
Huntington402181
Steuben398659
Miami392568
Jasper386254
Knox375690
Putnam371860
Wabash360583
Ripley346470
Adams344955
Jefferson335685
White329753
Daviess3028100
Wells294881
Decatur289992
Greene286385
Fayette284664
Posey273735
LaGrange272872
Scott269855
Clay265448
Randolph244683
Washington244534
Jennings235149
Spencer234131
Starke227558
Fountain218347
Sullivan213943
Owen210858
Fulton201542
Jay200832
Carroll193420
Orange188055
Perry186937
Rush175626
Vermillion173544
Franklin170135
Tipton165746
Parke148916
Pike137934
Blackford136032
Pulaski120047
Newton112636
Brown103943
Crawford102316
Benton100814
Martin91415
Warren83515
Switzerland8098
Union72810
Ohio57811
Unassigned0421

Ohio Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 1107047

Reported Deaths: 20091
CountyCasesDeaths
Franklin1284921459
Cuyahoga1155972204
Hamilton812991245
Montgomery524821040
Summit48339999
Lucas43303817
Butler38901603
Stark33286929
Lorain25641502
Warren24557303
Mahoning22330601
Lake21135385
Clermont20097252
Delaware18817135
Licking16645222
Fairfield16561204
Trumbull16522479
Medina15593270
Greene15252246
Clark14219306
Wood13280197
Portage13226214
Allen11905239
Richland11598211
Miami10835223
Wayne9116222
Columbiana9020230
Muskingum8889135
Pickaway8649122
Marion8635138
Tuscarawas8633247
Erie8052164
Ashtabula7137179
Hancock6996131
Ross6933161
Geauga6832150
Scioto6528104
Belmont6149174
Union583849
Lawrence5722102
Jefferson5669158
Huron5539122
Sandusky5436125
Darke5415129
Seneca5343126
Washington5308109
Athens523360
Auglaize501587
Mercer487385
Shelby476195
Knox4567112
Madison443765
Ashland435197
Putnam4333103
Fulton431871
Defiance431798
Crawford4033110
Brown401961
Logan387277
Preble3847103
Clinton378466
Ottawa372681
Highland359265
Williams347578
Champaign343658
Guernsey324153
Jackson317354
Perry297150
Morrow291340
Fayette285450
Hardin274865
Henry273267
Holmes2698101
Coshocton268359
Van Wert247264
Adams242856
Pike242735
Gallia240450
Wyandot234556
Hocking220162
Carroll196748
Paulding176342
Meigs148240
Monroe136144
Noble135839
Harrison113638
Morgan109624
Vinton85417
Unassigned03
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